Despite all the developments in the field of oral and dental health, many people suffer from tooth loss due to different reasons, especially tooth decay. The presence of missing teeth in the mouth is an important problem for oral and dental health as well as cosmetically. Although bridge and denture treatments have been suitable for people with missing teeth for many years, today the interest shown in implant treatment, which is a more aesthetic, reliable and permanent method, is increasing.
In order to complete the missing teeth in the mouth, the tooth root, which is usually in the form of a screw and placed in the jaw, is called an implant. Implant treatment is usually applied by placing dental prostheses on screws made of titanium.
The biggest advantage of implant treatment is that it can be applied without cutting the adjacent teeth. Since the implant acts as a tooth root, the person can speak, laugh and eat as easily as in natural teeth.
Implant treatment can be performed under local anesthesia, general anesthesia or sedation. The patient's jaw bones and remaining teeth are measured. Titanium screws are placed in the jawbone to support the prosthesis to be attached as artificial tooth roots. This process takes around 10-25 minutes for each implant. It takes an average of 3-6 months for the placed implants to fuse with the jawbone and hold on to the jawbone. This period may vary depending on the bone structure of the person. At the end of a sufficient time, the implants are able to carry the prosthesis and the treatment is completed with the placement of the prosthesis.
When the patient's bone structure is not sufficient, additional bone surgery applications may be considered. In this context, the thickness and height of the bone can be increased by supplementing with bone powder under local anesthesia. A waiting period of 6 months is required for the bone and bone powder to migrate and reach the strength to provide implant support.
Before starting treatment, the patient's suitability should be carefully evaluated. Because the patient's meeting certain criteria directly affects the success of the treatment. It is determined what kind of prosthesis will be made, which areas the prosthesis will be applied to and how many implants will be used. Panoramic film and volumetric computed tomography can be used to determine how many implants will be applied to which areas.
Do not eat or drink anything for 2 hours after implant treatment. Only soft and cold foods should be consumed for 24 hours. Hot foods and beverages should be avoided in the first week.
In order for the healing process to begin in the wound area for the first 24 hours, the mouth should not be rinsed or spit. Teeth should not be brushed on the evening of the operation and mouthwash should not be used. After 36 hours of implant treatment, mouthwash should be started twice a day for 2 weeks or gargle with salt water. Gargle for 1 minute and then spit out. Do not eat or drink anything for 30 minutes after gargling.
Again, smoking and alcohol should not be used for the first 24 hours. It is generally recommended not to smoke until healing is complete. Medications prescribed by the doctor should be used regularly. There may be swelling on the cheeks and under the eyes for the first few days. Although it goes away on its own within 10 days, applying ice on the first day and sleeping with the head up for the first 2 days can accelerate the process.
The duration may vary according to the content of the treatment to be applied and personal characteristics.
Since the treatment is performed under anesthesia, pain or pain is not felt. In case of mild pain after the operation, the problem can be solved by using the painkillers prescribed by the doctor.
The person to be implanted must have completed bone development. Therefore, it is applied to people over the age of 18. There is no upper limit, and an individual assessment is made.
Implants can be used for a lifetime if properly cared for.