Although it is everyone's dream to have a dazzling smile with white teeth, it is not possible for everyone to have teeth with this feature depending on various factors. While some people's teeth are naturally yellow, some people's teeth color may change depending on their daily consumption habits. Toothpastes and polishes are not always enough to eliminate this situation. And the need to resort to teeth whitening methods occurs. Teeth whitening can be applied to natural teeth as well as veneers and dentures.
Tooth whitening, also known as bleaching, is applied for various reasons to remove the discoloration that penetrates the enamel and dentin layer of the teeth and to bleach the teeth according to their previous tones. It is possible to remove the darkening of the natural colors of the teeth over time with polishing and calculus cleaning. However, if the desired result cannot be achieved as a result of these applications, or if the natural color of the teeth is desired to be lighter by a few tones, it may be possible to resort to teeth whitening methods.
Teeth whitening can be applied to anyone over the age of 12 who wants to have whiter and brighter teeth. However, it is not applied to people suffering from gingival recession, gingivitis, deep cracks in the enamel, and tooth abscess.
Teeth whitening can be applied using two different methods, office type and home type. The method applied by the dentist in the clinical setting is called office-type teeth whitening. In the teeth whitening process, which is applied as 2-3 sessions lasting approximately 15 minutes, the number of sessions is determined individually according to the needs. Cleaning of calculus before starting the process ensures that the results obtained are more permanent. By choosing the desired tooth color, a protective substance is applied to the gums and they are prevented from being damaged by the process. Tooth whitening chemical gel, which is a whitening product containing high oxygen, is used in the teeth whitening process. Teeth whitening gel is applied to the patient's teeth and activated by various light sources, including lasers. The teeth are kept for a certain period of time and then cleaned and checked to see if the teeth have reached the desired color.
Home office whitening is a method that the person can perform by himself, using plates or ready-made apparatus specially prepared for him outside the clinical environment. In order to prepare the special teeth whitening plate, measurements are taken from the lower and upper jaws of the patient. The dose is adjusted by selecting the appropriate whitening gel for the patient. It is a must for the success of the application that the person puts the molds in which the whitening gel is placed on their teeth for the specified period of time and does not disrupt this process. Since the application is more practical, it is usually done at night, but the whitening gel is applied excessively and if the plaque overflows, it may cause irritation to the gums. In such a case, the gums should be washed and cleaned immediately, and a cream containing vitamin E should be applied to the irritated areas.
Before teeth whitening is performed, a clinical and radiographic examination of the teeth is performed. If there are conditions such as caries, fractures or gingival treatment, teeth whitening should be done first after the related treatments are completed.
The first week following the application is very important for the success of the teeth whitening application. During this period, the consumption of foodstuffs that may cause discoloration of the teeth should be avoided. It is very important to rinse the mouth with water after meals and to brush the teeth if possible. After this period, the person can return to their normal diet. However, the way to maintain the long-term durability of the whiteness obtained at the end of the teeth whitening process is through regular and complete oral and dental care.
If the teeth whitening methods are applied correctly, there is no harm.
Teeth whitening gels may cause temporary tooth sensitivity in some people. However, this situation resolves itself within 24-48 hours.
Teeth whitening is not applied to pregnant women and people who have just given birth.
No pain or pain is felt during the teeth whitening process.